Questioning Crime And Criminology

Author: Moira Peelo
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134021984
File Size: 24,67 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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This is a text for criminology students designed to take them to the heart of the contradictions, confusions and blurred boundaries around the subject of crime, about what crime is, about social regulation and control, and about social responsibility. It focuses on the key questions and issues underpinning them in contemporary definitions, representations and explanations of crime. It aims to question the platitudes and cliches surrounding public discussion of crime, by acknowledging the individual, social and political frameworks within which we explore crime and criminality.

Measurement Problems In Criminal Justice Research

Author: Committee on Law and Justice
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309086353
File Size: 40,74 MB
Format: PDF
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Most major crime in this country emanates from two major data sources. The FBI’s Uniform Crime Reports has collected information on crimes known to the police and arrests from local and state jurisdictions throughout the country. The National Crime Victimization Survey, a general population survey designed to cover the extent, nature, and consequences of criminal victimization, has been conducted annually since the early1970s. This workshop was designed to consider similarities and differences in the methodological problems encountered by the survey and criminal justice research communities and what might be the best focus for the research community. In addition to comparing and contrasting the methodological issues associated with self-report surveys and official records, the workshop explored methods for obtaining accurate self-reports on sensitive questions about crime events, estimating crime and victimization in rural counties and townships and developing unbiased prevalence and incidence rates for rate events among population subgroups.

Introducing Criminology

Author: Clive Coleman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134016875
File Size: 75,68 MB
Format: PDF
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Criminology, or the study of crime, has developed rapidly as a subject in recent years, while crime and the problem of how to respond to it have become major concerns for society as a whole. This book provides a succinct, highly readable - and much needed - introduction to criminology for those who want to learn more, whether they are already studying the subject, thinking of doing so, or just interested to discover what criminology is about. Introducing Criminology begins by asking basic questions: what is crime? what is criminology?, before examining the ways in which crime has been studied, and looking at the main approaches and schools of thought within criminology and how these have been developed. The authors focus particularly upon attempts to understand and explain crime by the disciplines of psychology and sociology, and consider also the impact of feminist and postmodern thought on the development of the subject. In the second part of the book the authors take three very different topics to illustrate themes raised in the first half of the book, exploring the particular issues raised by each topic, and showing how criminologists have gone about their work.

The Routledge Handbook Of Irish Criminology

Author: Deirdre Healy
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317698169
File Size: 65,48 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology is the first edited collection of its kind to bring together the work of leading Irish criminologists in a single volume. While Irish criminology can be characterised as a nascent but dynamic discipline, it has much to offer the Irish and international reader due to the unique historical, cultural, political, social and economic arrangements that exist on the island of Ireland. The Handbook consists of 30 chapters, which offer original, comprehensive and critical reviews of theory, research, policy and practice in a wide range of subject areas. The chapters are divided into four thematic sections: Understanding crime examines specific offence types, including homicide, gangland crime and white-collar crime, and the theoretical perspectives used to explain them. Responding to crime explores criminal justice responses to crime, including crime prevention, restorative justice, approaches to policing and trial as well as post-conviction issues such as imprisonment, community sanctions and rehabilitation. Contexts of crime investigates the social, political and cultural contexts of the policymaking process, including media representations, politics, the role of the victim and the impact of gender. Emerging ideas focuses on innovative ideas that prompt a reconsideration of received wisdom on particular topics, including sexual violence and ethnicity. Charting the key contours of the criminological enterprise on the island of Ireland and placing the Irish material in the context of the wider European and international literature, this book is essential reading for those involved in the study of Irish criminology and international and comparative criminal justice.

Feminism And Criminology

Author: Ngaire Naffine
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0745683274
File Size: 28,14 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This much-needed book is a concise and accessible account of the contribution of feminist thinking to the study of crime. Tracing the intellectual history of criminology from its scientific foundations in the nineteenth century to its recent encounters with postmodernism, Naffine discusses the ways in which the discipline has established its priorities and values, and shows how men became and remain the central interest of the discipline. Criminologists, she argues, are still reluctant to engage with feminist scholarship which questions their agenda. Naffine argues that for several decades feminists from a variety of disciplines have been studying crime, producing increasingly refined and sophisticated understandings of the phenomenon. Their interests have ranged widely, from the effects of masculinity and femininity on the propensity to offend, to the ways in which class and race affect the gender dimension of crime. They have pursued difficult questions about the nature of knowledge and the meanings of human behaviour in men and women. Naffine analyses the treatment of women offenders by the criminal justice system, and women as victims of crime - especially violent crime - and argues for a different understanding of sexual relations between men and women within the crime of rape. Finally, she examines how feminist detective fiction can enliven and enhance the study of crime. Provocative and well-argued, this timely book will be welcomed by students and researchers in women's studies, gender studies, criminology, sociology and law.

Comparative International And Global Justice

Author: Cyndi Banks
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506337295
File Size: 17,38 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Comparative, International and Global Justice: Perspectives from Criminology and Criminal Justice presents and critically assesses a wide range of topics relevant to criminology, criminal justice and global justice. The text is divided into three parts: comparative criminal justice, international criminology, and transnational and global criminology. Within each field are located specific topics which the authors regard as contemporary and highly relevant and that will assist students in gaining a fuller appreciation of global justice issues. Authors Cyndi Banks and James Baker address these complex global issues using a scholarly but accessible approach, often using detailed case studies. The discussion of each topic is a comprehensive contextualized account that explains the social context in which law and crime exist and engages with questions of explanation or interpretation. The authors challenge students to gain knowledge of international and comparative criminal justice issues and think about them in a critical manner. It has become difficult to ignore the global and international dimensions of criminal justice and criminology and this text aims to enhance criminal justice education by focusing on some of the issues engaging criminology worldwide, and to prepare students for a future where fields of study like transnational crime are unexceptional.

Communities Identities And Crime

Author: Basia Spalek
Publisher: Policy Press
ISBN: 1861348045
File Size: 29,28 MB
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This book provides a critical exploration of the importance of social identities when considering crime, victimisation and criminal justice and offers a refreshing perspective on the most significant developments in relation to equality and diversity issues that feature in policies and practices of criminal justice agencies.

Fundamentals Of Research In Criminology And Criminal Justice

Author: Ronet Bachman
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412960525
File Size: 76,44 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Fundamentals of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice is a concise resource for understanding the multifaceted subject of research methods in the field of criminology and criminal justice. This book uniquely helps to teach research design and techniques within the context of substantive criminology and criminal justice issues of interest to students and the field. This is a briefer version of Ronet Bachman and Russell K Schutt ’s successful The Practice of Research in Criminology and Criminal Justice, written in a less formal style, with more concise examples drawn from everyday experience, and less coverage of complex or more rigorous methods. It is ideal for students who need to understand how criminal justice research is done and appreciate the results, but may never do research themselves in the professional lives.

Youth And Crime

Author: John Muncie
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 9780761944645
File Size: 20,31 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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`Muncie's book is a must-read for all criminologists interested in youth justice and youth crime. It is accessible, theoretically informed, empirically detailed and, thanks to the second edition, bang up-to-date' - Professor Tim Newburn, London School of Economics `The first edition of Youth and Crime – published in 1999 – struck an almost unique balance between accessibility and complex scholarship. This substantially revised and up-dated edition takes the depth and scope of the key debates further still. Muncie draws on a wide range of scholarly research, he engages with major theoretical questions and he interrogates the complexities and contradictions of policy formation.... Without doubt this is an indispensable source for sociology, criminology, social policy, social history, social work, youth justice and media and cultural studies students and tutors alike' - Dr Barry Goldson, Senior Lecturer in Sociology and Social Policy, The University of Liverpool. `The second edition of Youth and Crime is once again immensely scholarly and important for its insights into the shape of public, media and governmental responses to youth crime. The author produces new material on anti-social behaviour, street crime, victimisation, social exclusion, drugs and surveillance as well as on risk assessment, governance, globalisation and cultural criminology to help make sense of developments..... As before, this is an excellent, accessible and lively introduction to youth crime and its regulation. It is a book that pushes debate forward in terms of questioning established knowledge and governmental responses to crime' - Dr Loraine Gelsthorpe, Institute of Criminology, University of Cambridge. `Muncie observes, "the study of youth justice ultimately tells us more about social order, the state and political decision making than it does about the nature of young offending and the most effective ways to respond to it": the material he presents in this part of the book more than justifies the comment. Although this book is primarily a student text, it should interest magistrates and promote critical reflection' - Magistrate · How and why have certain aspects of young people's behaviour come to be perceived as `anti-social' and 'criminal'? · Are young people now more of a threat than ever before? · How can we make sense of New Labour's youth justice reforms? · Is the youth justice system soft on crime? · Are young people more in need of protection than disciplinary punishment? The Second Edition of this best-selling text provides a fully revised and up-to-date critical analysis of a wide range of issues surrounding young people, disorder and crime. To develop a comprehensive criminology of youth the book deliberately moves beyond traditional criminological concerns and draws insights from other academic disciplines such as cultural studies, gender studies, media studies, social policy, social work, political science and human geography. Now thoroughly updated, this second edition has been rewritten to include new material on anti-social behaviour, street crime, youth gangs, victimisation, social exclusion, drugs, surveillance, crime prevention, policing and restoration as well as a sustained critical analysis of New Labour's youth, social and criminal justice reforms as they have emerged over the past five years. To make sense of these developments theories of risk management, governance, globalisation and cultural criminology are introduced and assessed. An original and accessible text, it provides invaluable support for further study by featuring key concepts, a glossary, summaries of the main arguments, study questions and guides to further reading. Building on the strengths of the first edition, this highly influential work remains the most integrated and comprehensive analysis of theory, research, policy and politics in this area. It is an essential text for students of criminology, criminal justice, sociology, youth studies, social policy and social work.

New Directions For Criminology

Author: Ronnie Lippens
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046602192
File Size: 43,55 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Criminology, by its very nature as a non-disciplinary field of research and scholarship, has always relied on theoretical perspectives, derived from external disciplines and bodies of literature, for its constant renewal. The editors of New Directions for Criminology chose to consult scholars from outside the criminological community to demonstrate how the latest theoretical work in their field can be made fruitful for criminology. All contributors are familiar with the fundamentals of criminological theories and research, and all are well placed to clearly make the connections between the cutting edge of their field of research and its potential for criminology. New Directions for Criminology makes a distinction between papers that elaborate on the usefulness of particular theories and perspectives for criminology, and papers that outline particular research themes which will be of interest to those working within the broader criminological community. Contents include: Why Criminal Law? Why Break It? If Broken, Then What?' - Criminology and Assemblage Theory - Criminology and Deleuzoguattarism - Criminology and Lacan's Psychoanalytical Approach - Criminology and Forms of Life - Foundations and Origins as Criminological Objects - Criminological Conversations - Criminological Tribes.