The Encyclopedia Of Criminology And Criminal Justice

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Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
ISBN: 9780470670286
File Size: 45,66 MB
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Comprising over 500 entries on the essential topics within criminology and criminal justice, and available in print and online, this encyclopedia offers a state-of-the-art survey informed by the very latest theory and research. It combines this breadth of coverage with the authority and international perspective of an experienced editorial team, creating a definitive reference resource for students, scholars, and professionals in these interdisciplinary and dynamic fields. Comprehensive: Offers wide-ranging coverage spanning 15 substantive areas within criminology and criminal justice, including criminal law, juvenile justice, education and professionalism, history of crime, and victimization Authoritative: Edited by one of criminology’s leading authorities, and peer reviewed by a team of 14 associate editors, all of whom are renowned in their fields Accessible: Uniquely organized to allow easy searching and cross referencing by keyword, topic, or alphabetical order International: Brings together a global team of contributors from ten countries to offer a uniquely international perspective on topics such as transnational crime Cutting-edge: Combines state-of-the-art coverage of developments in areas such as homeland security and forensic science, with the core topics within criminology and criminal justice Interdisciplinary: Draws on the very latest theory and research from a number of fields, including criminal justice, criminology, sociology, law, security studies, and the psychology of crime, resulting in a valuable resource that will appeal to all those studying or working in related disciplines Multi-format: Publishing simultaneously as a five-volume print set and via Wiley Online Library; visit www.encyclopediaofcriminology.com for further details

Encyclopedia Of Criminology And Criminal Justice

Author: Gerben Bruinsma
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9781461456896
File Size: 29,84 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice is an international, comprehensive reference tool for the field of Criminology and Criminal Justice that is both cutting edge as well as of very high scientific quality and prestige. This 10-volume work provides a complete and systematic coverage of the field that is unprecedented. The Encyclopedia "defines the field" through its choice of organization and entries. It identifies and brings emerging ideas and trends to the forefront. The Encyclopedia covers Criminology and Criminal Justice in ten broad areas, with leading researchers writing substantive contributions within their area of expertise: Corrections and Criminal Justice Supervision in the Community Courts, Sentencing and the Judicial System Crimes, Criminals and Victims Crime Places and Situations Explanations for Criminal Behavior Forensic Science Data, Methods, and Statistics Police and Law Enforcement Psychology of Law Social Interventions and Prevention This work features approximately 600 entries, organized in alphabetical order. The work is comprised under the direction of two Editors-in-Chief in consultation with 12 Associate Editors and more than 180 Area Editors. It is an essential and dynamic reference for researchers in the fields of Criminology and Criminal Justice, as well as useful a research tool for those in related fields of the social and behavioral sciences.

Encyclopedia Of Criminal Justice Ethics

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483389790
File Size: 16,49 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Federal, state, county, and municipal police forces all have their own codes of conduct, yet the ethics of being a police officer remain perplexing and are often difficult to apply in dynamic situations. The police misconduct statistics are staggering and indicate that excessive use of force comprises almost a quarter of misconduct cases, with sexual harassment, fraud/theft, and false arrest being the next most prevalent factors. The ethical issues and dilemmas in criminal justice also reach deep into the legal professions, the structure and administration of justice in society, and the personal characteristics of those in the criminal justice professions. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics includes A to Z entries by experts in the field that explore the scope of ethical decision making and behaviors within the spheres of criminal justice systems, including policing, corrections, courts, forensic science, and policy analysis and research. This two-volume set is available in both print and electronic formats. Features: Entries are authored and signed by experts in the field and conclude with references and further readings, as well as cross references to related entries that guide readers to the next steps in their research journeys. A Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and themes, making it easy for readers to quickly identify related entries. A Chronology highlights the development of the field and places material into historical context; a Glossary defines key terms from the fields of law and ethics; and a Resource Guide provides lists of classic books, academic journals, websites and associations focused on criminal justice ethics. Reports and statistics from such sources as the FBI, the United Nations, and the International Criminal Court are included in an appendix. In the electronic version, the Reader's Guide, index, and cross references combine to provide effective search-and-browse capabilities. The Encyclopedia of Criminal Justice Ethics provides a general, non-technical yet comprehensive resource for students who wish to understand the complexities of criminal justice ethics.

Encyclopedia Of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412959187
File Size: 76,46 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime

African Americans And Criminal Justice An Encyclopedia

Author: Delores D. Jones-Brown
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031335717X
File Size: 72,73 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Does justice exist for Blacks in America? This comprehensive compilation of essays documents the historical and contemporary impact of the law and criminal justice system on people of African ancestry in the United States. • 120 A–Z entries on race and criminal justice and famous or infamous African American crime perpetrators or victims • Contributions from more than 50 distinguished scholars from many criminal justice/criminology academic programs across the country • An index of key persons, events, and legislation

Encyclopedia Of Street Crime In America

Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1506320287
File Size: 46,35 MB
Format: PDF
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Anyone living or working in a city has feared or experienced street crime at one time or another; whether it be a mugging, purse snatching, or a more violent crime. In the U.S., street crime has recently hovered near historic lows; hence, the declaration of certain analysts that street life in America has never been safer. But is it really? Street crime has changed over past decades, especially with the advent of surveillance cameras in public places—the territory of the street criminal—but at the same time, criminals have found ways to adapt. This encyclopedic reference focuses primarily on urban lifestyle and its associated crimes, ranging from burglary to drug peddling to murder to new, more sophisticated forms of street crime and scams. This traditional A-to-Z reference has significant coverage of police and courts and other criminal justice sub-disciplines while also featuring thematic articles on the sociology of street crime. Features & Benefits: 175 signed entries within a single volume in print and electronic formats provide in-depth coverage to the topic of street crime in America. Cross-References and Suggestions for Further Readings guide readers to additional resources. Entries are supported by vivid photos and illustrations to better bring the material alive. A thematic Reader's Guide groups related entries by broad topic areas and, within the electronic version, combines with Cross-References and a detailed Index for convenient search-and-browse capabilities. A Chronology provides readers with a historical perspective of street crime in America. Appendices provide sources of data and statistics, annotated to highlight their relevance.

Encyclopedia Of Crime And Punishment

Author: David Levinson
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1452265291
File Size: 19,56 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
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"The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences." Larry E. Sullivan, Ph.D. Chief Librarian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Crime. It started with Cain and Abel, and it won’t end with the Sopranos. Our fascination with transgression and its punishment is universal. And now, from Sage – the publisher of criminal justice abstracts and other standards in the field – comes the ultimate reference source on this all-consuming subject: comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-the second. Comprehensive and balanced coverage of: Concepts and theories Correction Law Crimes Methods and statistics National surveys Organizations Police science Social and cultural context Features and benefits: - 100% original content - Broader, more up-to-date coverage than any other source on the market 275 Contributors 425 Signed entries 150 Illustrations Prestigious advisory board overseeing quality 1.5 million words 250 sidebars offering key primary source documents 100 "factoids," spotlighting important, and sometimes startling, information International coverage, with focus on the contemporary United States Chronology, master bibliography, and general index Appendixes: Careers in criminal justice; Professional organizations; Guidance on using the Web to collect accurate information Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment covers the waterfront. Entries include: Broken windows theory Child witness Environmental crime Interpol Media Pathology Prison industry Religion in prison Securities fraud Spectator violence Television Victimization War crimes Wrongful convictions ADVISORY BOARD Anita Blowers University of North Carolina, Charlotte Eve Buzawa University of Massachusetts, Lowell Ric Curtis John Jay College of Criminal Justice Harry Dammer Niagara University Obi Ebbe University of Tennessee, Chattanooga Frank Horvath Michigan State University Phyllis Schultze Rutgers University Larry Sullivan John Jay College of Criminal Justice

Encyclopedia Of Transnational Crime And Justice

Author: Margaret E. Beare
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412990777
File Size: 54,35 MB
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Accessible and jargon-free and available in both print and electronic formats, the one-volume Encyclopedia of Transnational Crime and Justice contains a range of up-to-date entries that not only reflect transnational crime, but transnational justice.

Encyclopedia Of Law Enforcement

Author: Larry E. Sullivan
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 0761926496
File Size: 52,91 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
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This three-volume Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement provides a comprehensive, critical, and descriptive examination of all facets of law enforcement on the state and local, federal and national, and international stages. This work is a unique reference source that provides readers with informed discussions on the practice and theory of policing in an historical and contemporary framework. The volumes treat subjects that are particular to the area of state and local, federal and national, and international policing. Many of the themes and issues of policing cut across disciplinary borders, however, and several entries provide comparative information that places the subject in context.

The Social History Of Crime And Punishment In America

Author: Wilbur R. Miller
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 1483305937
File Size: 17,87 MB
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Several encyclopedias overview the contemporary system of criminal justice in America, but full understanding of current social problems and contemporary strategies to deal with them can come only with clear appreciation of the historical underpinnings of those problems. Thus, this five-volume work surveys the history and philosophy of crime, punishment, and criminal justice institutions in America from colonial times to the present. It covers the whole of the criminal justice system, from crimes, law enforcement and policing, to courts, corrections and human services. Among other things, this encyclopedia: explicates philosophical foundations underpinning our system of justice; charts changing patterns in criminal activity and subsequent effects on legal responses; identifies major periods in the development of our system of criminal justice; and explores in the first four volumes - supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents - evolving debates and conflicts on how best to address issues of crime and punishment. Its signed entries in the first four volumes--supplemented by a fifth volume containing annotated primary documents--provide the historical context for students to better understand contemporary criminological debates and the contemporary shape of the U.S. system of law and justice.