Dependence Logic

Author: Jouko Väänänen
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139465155
File Size: 59,68 MB
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Dependence is a common phenomenon, wherever one looks: ecological systems, astronomy, human history, stock markets - but what is the logic of dependence? This book is the first to carry out a systematic logical study of this important concept, giving on the way a precise mathematical treatment of Hintikka's independence friendly logic. Dependence logic adds the concept of dependence to first order logic. Here the syntax and semantics of dependence logic are studied, dependence logic is given an alternative game theoretic semantics, and results about its complexity are proven. This is a graduate textbook suitable for a special course in logic in mathematics, philosophy and computer science departments, and contains over 200 exercises, many of which have a full solution at the end of the book. It is also accessible to readers, with a basic knowledge of logic, interested in new phenomena in logic.

Dependence Logic

Author: Samson Abramsky
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3319318039
File Size: 55,32 MB
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In this volume, different aspects of logics for dependence and independence are discussed, including both the logical and computational aspects of dependence logic, and also applications in a number of areas, such as statistics, social choice theory, databases, and computer security. The contributing authors represent leading experts in this relatively new field, each of whom was invited to write a chapter based on talks given at seminars held at the Schloss Dagstuhl Leibniz Center for Informatics in Wadern, Germany (in February 2013 and June 2015) and an Academy Colloquium at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (March 2014). Altogether, these chapters provide the most up-to-date look at this developing and highly interdisciplinary field and will be of interest to a broad group of logicians, mathematicians, statisticians, philosophers, and scientists. Topics covered include a comprehensive survey of many propositional, modal, and first-order variants of dependence logic; new results concerning expressive power of several variants of dependence logic with different sets of logical connectives and generalized dependence atoms; connections between inclusion logic and the least-fixed point logic; an overview of dependencies in databases by addressing the relationships between implication problems for fragments of statistical conditional independencies, embedded multivalued dependencies, and propositional logic; various Markovian models used to characterize dependencies and causality among variables in multivariate systems; applications of dependence logic in social choice theory; and an introduction to the theory of secret sharing, pointing out connections to dependence and independence logic.

Logic Without Borders

Author: Åsa Hirvonen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 1614519323
File Size: 25,16 MB
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In recent years, mathematical logic has developed in many directions, the initial unity of its subject matter giving way to a myriad of seemingly unrelated areas. The articles collected here, which range from historical scholarship to recent research in geometric model theory, squarely address this development. These articles also connect to the diverse work of Väänänen, whose ecumenical approach to logic reflects the unity of the discipline.

Logic Language Information And Computation

Author: Jouko Väänänen
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662529211
File Size: 71,33 MB
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Edited in collaboration with FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information this book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Communication, WoLLIC 2016, held in Puebla, Mexico, in August 2016.The 23 contributed papers, presented together with 9 invited lectures and tutorials, were carefully reviewed and selected from 33 submissions. The focus of the workshop is to provide a forum on inter-disciplinary research involving formal logic, computing and programming theory, and natural language and reasoning.

Computation Logic Games And Quantum Foundations The Many Facets Of Samson Abramsky

Author: Bob Coecke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642381642
File Size: 40,37 MB
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This Festschrift volume, published in honor of Samson Abramsky, contains contributions written by some of his colleagues, former students, and friends. In celebration of the 60th birthday of Samson Abramsky, a conference was held in Oxford, UK, during May 28-30, 2010. The papers in this volume represent his manifold contributions to semantics, logic, games, and quantum mechanics.

Computer Science Logic

Author: Anuj Dawar
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3642152058
File Size: 76,22 MB
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New Perspectives On Games And Interaction

Author: Krzysztof R. Apt
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089640576
File Size: 36,45 MB
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This volume is a collection of papers presented at the 2007 colloquium on new perspectives on games and interaction at the Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam.

Conjectures And Refutations

Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135971374
File Size: 42,43 MB
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Conjectures and Refutations is one of Karl Popper's most wide-ranging and popular works, notable not only for its acute insight into the way scientific knowledge grows, but also for applying those insights to politics and to history. It provides one of the clearest and most accessible statements of the fundamental idea that guided his work: not only our knowledge, but our aims and our standards, grow through an unending process of trial and error.

Independence Friendly Logic

Author: Allen L. Mann
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139495917
File Size: 14,92 MB
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Bringing together over twenty years of research, this book gives a complete overview of independence-friendly logic. It emphasizes the game-theoretical approach to logic, according to which logical concepts such as truth and falsity are best understood via the notion of semantic games. The book pushes the paradigm of game-theoretical semantics further than the current literature by showing how mixed strategies and equilibria can be used to analyze independence-friendly formulas on finite models. The book is suitable for graduate students and advanced undergraduates who have taken a course on first-order logic. It contains a primer of the necessary background in game theory, numerous examples and full proofs.

Math In Society

Author: David Lippman
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781479276530
File Size: 55,78 MB
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Math in Society is a survey of contemporary mathematical topics, appropriate for a college-level topics course for liberal arts major, or as a general quantitative reasoning course.This book is an open textbook; it can be read free online at http://www.opentextbookstore.com/mathinsociety/. Editable versions of the chapters are available as well.