The Essential Philosophical Works

Author: David Hume
Publisher: Wordsworth Editions
ISBN: 9781840226669
File Size: 33,93 MB
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With an introduction by Charlotte R. Brown and William Edward Morris. David Hume (1711–1776) was the most important philosopher ever to write in English, as well as a master stylist. This volume contains his major philosophical works. A Treatise of Human Nature (1739–1740), published while Hume was still in his twenties, consists of three books on the understanding, the passions, and morals. It applies the experimental method of reasoning to human nature in a revolution that was intended to make Hume the Newton of the moral sciences. Disappointed with the Treatise’s failure to bring about such a revolution, Hume later recast Book I as An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1751), and Book III as An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, which he regarded as ‘incomparably the best’ of all his works. Both Enquiries went through several editions in his lifetime. Hume’s works, controversial in his day, remain deeply and widely influential in ours, especially for his contributions to our understanding of the nature of morality, political and economic theory, philosophy of religion, and philosophical naturalism. This volume also includes Hume’s anonymous Abstract of Books I and II of the Treatise, and the short autobiographical essay, ‘My Own Life’, which he wrote just before his death.

Second Treatise Of Government

Author: John Locke
Publisher: Point Blank Classics
ISBN: 1634610199
File Size: 14,54 MB
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This Point Blank Classics edition includes the full original text as well as an easy to use interactive table of contents. The Two Treatises of Government (or "Two Treatises of Government: In the Former, The False Principles, and Foundation of Sir Robert Filmer, and His Followers, Are Detected and Overthrown. The Latter Is an Essay Concerning The True Original, Extent, and End of Civil Government") is a work of political philosophy published anonymously in 1689 by John Locke. The First Treatise attacks patriarchalism in the form of sentence-by-sentence refutation of Robert Filmer's Patriarcha, while the Second Treatise outlines Locke's ideas for a more civilized society based on natural rights and contract theory. Two Treatises is divided into the First Treatise and the Second Treatise. The original title of the Second Treatise appears to have been simply "Book II," corresponding to the title of the First Treatise, "Book I." Before publication, however, Locke gave it greater prominence by (hastily) inserting a separate title page: "An Essay Concerning the True Original, Extent and End of Civil Government." The First Treatise is focused on the refutation of Sir Robert Filmer, in particular his Patriarcha, which argued that civil society, was founded on a divinely sanctioned patriarchalism. Locke proceeds through Filmer's arguments, contesting his proofs from Scripture and ridiculing them as senseless, until concluding that no government can be justified by an appeal to the divine right of kings. The Second Treatise outlines a theory of civil society. John Locke begins by describing the state of nature, a picture much more stable than Thomas Hobbes' state of "war of every man against every man," and argues that all men are created equal in the state of nature by God. From this, he goes on to explain the hypothetical rise of property and civilization, in the process explaining that the only legitimate governments are those that have the consent of the people. Therefore, any government that rules without the consent of the people can, in theory, is overthrown.

Two Treatises Of Government

Author: John Locke
Publisher:
ISBN:
File Size: 79,47 MB
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The Cambridge Bibliography Of English Literature

Author: Frederick Wilse Bateson
Publisher: CUP Archive
ISBN:
File Size: 43,90 MB
Format: PDF
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Two Treatises Of Government

Author: John Locke
Publisher: Signet
ISBN:
File Size: 62,41 MB
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Reading Hume On Human Understanding Essays On The First Enquiry

Author: Peter Millican
Publisher: Clarendon Press
ISBN: 0191591971
File Size: 38,34 MB
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Reading Hume on Human Understanding is a companion to the study of one of the great works of Western philosophy. David Hume's Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1748) has long been recognized as one of the best 'classics' for introducing students to the subject; these essays, most of them specially written for this volume, show how much more than this it is. The aims of the volume are: to provide a general overview of the Enquiry, especially for those approaching it for the first time; to set it in the context of Hume's philosophical work as a whole and establish its importance in that context: to elucidate, analyse, and assess the philosophy of the Enquiry, and clarify its interpretation; and to discuss recent developments in Hume scholarship that are relevant to the Enquiry. The eminent contributors to this volume cover a broad range of topics: meaning, induction, scepticism, belief, personal identity, causation, freedom, miracles, probability, and religious belief. These topics remain at the centre of philosophical debate today, and Hume's treatment of them in the Enquiry continues to demand attention and attract controversy.

Some Thoughts Concerning Education

Author: John Locke
Publisher:
ISBN:
File Size: 69,83 MB
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Contesting Environmental Imaginaries

Author: Steven Hartman
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004335080
File Size: 72,61 MB
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How is nature to be perceived and understood in a time of deepening environmental crisis? Papers collected here address this question from a variety of disciplinary perspectives and in a range of study areas, including Environmental History, Ecocriticism, Caribbean Studies, Scandinavian Studies, British and American Literature and Film Studies.

An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

Author: David Hume
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198250609
File Size: 27,77 MB
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David Hume (1711-1776) probably ranks highest of all British philosophers in terms of influence and philosophical standing. His philosophical work ranges across morals, the mind, metaphysics, epistemology and aesthetics; he had broad interests not only in philosophy as it is now conceived but in history, politics, economics, religion and the arts.

The History And Theory Of Children S Citizenship In Contemporary Societies

Author: Brian Milne
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400765215
File Size: 29,62 MB
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This book examines the notion of children having full citizenship. It does so historically, through intellectual discourse, beliefs, and moral and ideological positions on children. It looks at the status and extent of knowledge of the position of children covering about 2500 years. The book takes European and other cultures, traditions and beliefs into consideration. It reflects on the topic from a variety of disciplines, including social sciences, theology and philosophy. The book places children’s citizenship in the centre of children’s rights discourse. Part of the work is a critical appraisal of ‘children’s participation’ because it diverts attention away from children as members of society toward being a separable group. The book moves on from child participation using a children’s rights based argument toward examination of the relationship of the child with the state, i.e. as potentially full member citizens. ​