Bleak Houses

Author: Lisa Anne Surridge
Publisher: Ohio University Press
ISBN: 0821416421
File Size: 57,46 MB
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"Professor Surridge exhibits a clear and persuasive historical sense as well as sensitivity to the novels and stories. I believe this study will have lasting value because of its careful historical research and corresponding interpretation of the texts," says Naomi Wood, Kansas State University The Offenses Against the Person Act of 1828 was a piece of legislation that opened magistrates' courts to abused working-class wives. Newspapers in turn reported on these proceedings and in this way the Victorian scrutiny of domestic conduct began. But how did popular fiction treat the phenomenon of "private" family violence? Bleak Houses: Marital Violence in Victorian Fiction traces novelists' engagement with the wife-assault debates in the public press between 1828 and the turn of the century. Lisa Surridge examines the early works of Charles Dickens, Dombey and Son and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, in the context of the intense debates on wife assault and manliness in the late 1840s and early 1850s. George Eliot's Janet's Repentance is read in light of the parliamentary debates on the 1857 Divorce Act. Marital cruelty trials provide the structure for both John Sutherland's The Woman in White and Anthony Trollope's He Knew He Was Right. Locating the New Woman fiction of Mona Caird and the reassuring detective investigations of Sherlock Holmes in the context of late-Victorian feminism and the great marriage debate in the Daily Telegraph, Surridge illustrates how fin-de-sicle fiction brought male sexual violence and the viability of marriage itself under public scrutiny. Bleak Houses thus demonstrates how Victorian fiction was actively engaged with the wife-assault debates of the nineteenth century, debates which both constructed and invaded the privacy of the middle-class home. ABOUT THE AUTHOR---Lisa Surridge is associate professor of English at the University of Victoria, Canada. She is co-editor of Mary Elizabeth Braddon's Aurora Floyd and has published on Victorian fiction in many journals including Victorian Literature and Culture, Women's Writing, Dickens Studies Annual, Victorian Newsletter, and Victorians Institute Journal.

The Social Conscience Of The Early Victorians

Author: F. David Roberts
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804780935
File Size: 32,97 MB
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In 1830, the dominant social outlook of the early Victorians was a paternalism that looked to property, the Church, and local Justices of the Peace to govern society and deal with its ills. By 1860, however, the dominant social outlook had become a vision of a laissez faire society that relied on economic laws, self-reliance, and the vigorous philanthropy of voluntary societies. This book describes and analyzes these changes, which arose from the rapid growth of industry, towns, population, and the middle and working classes. Paternalism did not entirely fade away, however, just as a laissez faire vision had long antedated 1830. Both were part of a social conscience also defined by a revived philanthropy, a new humanitarianism, and a grudging acceptance of an expanded government, all of which reflected a strong revival of religion as well as the growth of rationalism. The new dominance of a laissez faire vision was dramatically evident in the triumph of political economy. By 1860, only a few doubted the eternal verities of the economists’ voluminous writings. Few also doubted the verities of those who preached self-reliance, who supported the New Poor Law’s severity to persons who were not self-reliant, and who inspired education measures to promote that indispensable virtue. If economic laws and self-reliance failed to prevent distress, the philanthropists and voluntary societies would step in. Such a vision proved far more buoyant and effective than a paternalism whose narrow and rural Anglican base made it unable to cope with the downside of an industrial-urban Britain. But the vision of a laissez faire society was not without its flaws. Its harmonious economic laws and its hope in self-reliance did not prevent gross exploitation and acute distress, and however beneficent were its philanthropists, they fell far short of mitigating these evils. This vision also found a rival in an expanded government. Two powerful ideas—the idea of a paternal government and the idea of a utilitarian state—helped create the expansion of government services. A reluctant belief in governmental power thus joined the many other ideas that defined the Victorian’s social conscience.

The Women Of England

Author: Sarah Stickney Ellis
File Size: 61,54 MB
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Controversial 19th Century Feminine Ideals And Creole Community Values

Author: Natalie Hauer
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3656094136
File Size: 28,69 MB
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Essay aus dem Jahr 2011 im Fachbereich Anglistik - Kultur und Landeskunde, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitat Mainz, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: From the mid-19th century on, the hitherto largely male dominated US-American society felt compelled to face the first wave of feminism, which united women in their fight for equality. Although women had contributed a great deal to the colonization of the USA, they had not been granted the civil right to vote in national and local elections until the passage of the 19th amendment to the Constitution in 1920, which stated that "the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex" (National Archives and Records Administration). At a time when the US saw themselves confronted with major social and economic changes, among others caused by the industrialization, the influence of science (e.g. Dar-win's revolutionary theory of evolution, transportation by means of the first continental railroad completed in 1869) gender specific role models were affected, too. As these de-velopments caused feelings of insecurity in many people, much importance was attached to the own home, which was seen as a haven of security amidst social and economic turmoil (Shanley 3). The making of a stereotype like that of the "Victorian Lady" or the "Southern Lady" can be seen as an attempt to create a solid authority in a time of radical changes. The Louisiana Purchase in 1803 posed a challenge to the Protestant Americans as the life-style of the Catholic Creoles differed greatly from the ones in the rest of the US. The be-liefs - comprising, amongst others, religious ones - and values of the Creole community were met with rejection and were sometimes described as un-American."

Joyce And The Victorians

Author: Tracey T. Schwarze
Publisher: Orange Groove Books
ISBN: 9781616101336
File Size: 30,12 MB
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"Not since Cheryl Herr's Joyce's Anatomy of Culture has a critic shown such wide ranging command of the contrasting elements of Joyce's cultural context."--Michael Patrick Gillespie, Marquette University Joyce and the Victorians excavates the heretofore largely unexplored territory of the late Victorian and Edwardian cultural contexts of Dubliners, Portrait, Ulysses, and Finnegans Wake. Ideologies and icons suffused turn-of-the-century Ireland and, Schwarze argues, Joyce replicated contemporary behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes in his work as carefully as he re-created the pubs and landmarks of his native Dublin. Schwarze also asserts that even as they expose and manifest the social forces at work on the individual, Joyce's short stories and novels also grapple with a fundamental modernist paradox: whether modern consciousness can effectively resist the ideological force of the culture that produces it. Examining discourses on "Irishness," spiritualism, middle-class masculinity, social reform, domesticity, hysteria, and the Woman Question, Schwarze argues that Joyce's characters continually reinscribe themselves with prevailing attitudes and influences and are never fully able to overcome the powerful influence of traditional Victorian authorities and ideologies. Instead, Joyce's narratives create only the potential for such supercession. They explore the pervasive influence of ideological structures on subjectivity and illuminate the fissures contained within the social discourse itself. Schwarze does not defend Joyce as the last Victorian; she re-creates the late-Victorian and Edwardian ethos that underlies Joyce's fiction and suggests that Joyce himself, much like his characters, was simultaneously bound by and critical of the ideologies of his age. Tracy Teets Schwarze is assistant professor of English at Christopher Newport University, Newport News, Virginia.

The Death Of Christian Britain

Author: Callum G. Brown
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135115532
File Size: 41,37 MB
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The Death of Christian Britain uses the latest techniques to offer new formulations of religion and secularisation and explores what it has meant to be 'religious' and 'irreligious' during the last 200 years. By listening to people's voices rather than purely counting heads, it offers a fresh history of de-christianisation, and predicts that the British experience since the 1960s is emblematic of the destiny of the whole of western Christianity. Challenging the generally held view that secularization has been a long and gradual process beginning with the industrial revolution, it proposes that it has been a catastrophic short term phenomenon starting with the 1960's. Is Christianity in Britain nearing extinction? Is the decline in Britain emblematic of the fate of western Christianity? Topical and controversial, The Death of Christian Britain is a bold and original work that will bring some uncomfortable truths to light.

Victorian Poetry

Author: Malcolm Bradbury
Publisher: Hodder Arnold
File Size: 79,62 MB
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Responding To The West

Author: Hans Hägerdal
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089640932
File Size: 68,53 MB
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The international contributors to this penetrating volume apply fresh perspectives and new methodologies to the Asian colonial experience, from the eighteenth century through the post World War II decolonization. Historiography, gender, military studies, finance, and issues of race and class all feature in this wide-ranging account of the diversity of human relationships forged by the colonial presence. For all of its features of structural oppression, colonialism was not a one-way communicative process, as this volume demonstrates through its analysis of the ever-shifting roles of colonizer and colonized.

The Yellow Wallpaper

Author: Charlotte Perkins Gilman
ISBN: 9780333730751
File Size: 36,18 MB
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This early work by Charlotte Perkins Gilman was originally published in 1899. Born in Hartford, Connecticut, USA in 1860, Gilman was the great niece of Henry Ward Beecher and Sister to Harriet Beecher Stowe. She went on to become a sociologist and writer of both fiction and non-fiction. The Yellow Wallpaper is her most notable work, being a semi-autobiographical short story about a woman's struggle with mental illness. This is a fascinating book and is thoroughly recommended for anyone with an interest in feminist literature and historic attitudes towards mental health. Many of the earliest books, particularly those dating back to the 1900s and before, are now extremely scarce and increasingly expensive. We are republishing these classic works in affordable, high quality, modern editions.

Lucy S Book

Author: Lucy Smith
File Size: 54,60 MB
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In 1844, mourning the deaths of five children and the murders of two more, the widowed Lucy Mack Smith dictated a life story filled with tragedy but supported by a strong conviction of God's providence. She was, at the time, nearly seventy years old. This current, definitive edition provides the full rough draft of Lucy's history for the first time. For comparison, the text of the first published version is included side by side, with all variants from the six later editions in footnotes.