A History Of Natural Philosophy

Author: Edward Grant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139461092
File Size: 28,31 MB
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Natural philosophy encompassed all natural phenomena of the physical world. It sought to discover the physical causes of all natural effects and was little concerned with mathematics. By contrast, the exact mathematical sciences were narrowly confined to various computations that did not involve physical causes, functioning totally independently of natural philosophy. Although this began slowly to change in the late Middle Ages, a much more thoroughgoing union of natural philosophy and mathematics occurred in the seventeenth century and thereby made the Scientific Revolution possible. The title of Isaac Newton's great work, The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy, perfectly reflects the new relationship. Natural philosophy became the 'Great Mother of the Sciences', which by the nineteenth century had nourished the manifold chemical, physical, and biological sciences to maturity, thus enabling them to leave the 'Great Mother' and emerge as the multiplicity of independent sciences we know today.

The Foundations Of Modern Science In The Middle Ages

Author: Edward Grant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521567626
File Size: 77,45 MB
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This 1997 book views the substantive achievements of the Middle Ages as they relate to early modern science.

God And Reason In The Middle Ages

Author: Edward Grant
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521003377
File Size: 69,70 MB
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This book shows how the Age of Reason actually began during the late Middle Ages.

Medical Humanism And Natural Philosophy

Author: Hiro Hirai
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004218718
File Size: 14,83 MB
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Exploring Renaissance humanists’ debates on matter, life and the soul, this volume addresses the contribution of humanist culture to the evolution of early modern natural philosophy so as to shed light on the medical context of the Scientific Revolution.

Aristotle S Physics

Author: Joe Sachs
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
ISBN: 9780813521923
File Size: 77,10 MB
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Aristotle's Physics is one of the least studied "great books"--physics has come to mean something entirely different than Aristotle's inquiry into nature, and stereotyped Medieval interpretations have buried the original text. Sach's translation is really the only one that I know of that attempts to take the reader back to the text itself.

Making Nature

Author: Melinda Baldwin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 022626145X
File Size: 20,38 MB
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Nature's shifting audience : 1869-1875 -- Nature's contributors and the changing of Britain's scientific guard : 1872-1895 -- Defining the "man of science" in Nature -- Scientific internationalism and scientific nationalism -- Nature, interwar politics, and intellectual freedom -- "It almost came out on its own" : Nature under L.J.F. Brimble and A.J.V. Gale -- Nature, the Cold War, and the rise of the United States -- "Disorderly publication" : Nature and scientific self-policing in the 1980s.

Nineteenth Century Philosophy

Author: Alan D. Schrift
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317546962
File Size: 57,29 MB
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The second half of the 19th Century saw a revolution in both European politics and philosophy. Philosophical fervour reflected political fervour. Five great critics dominated the European intellectual scene: Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Soren Kierkegaard, Fyodor Dostoevsky, and Friedrich Nietzsche. "Nineteenth-Century Philosophy" assesses the response of each of these leading figures to Hegelian philosophy - the dominant paradigm of the time - to the shifting political landscape of Europe and the United States, and also to the emerging critique of modernity itself. Both individually and collectively, these thinkers succeeded in revolutionizing theology, philosophy, psychology, and politics. The period also saw the emergence of new schools of thought and new disciplinary thinking. The volume covers the birth of sociology and the social sciences, the development of French spiritualism, the beginning of American pragmatism, the rise of science and mathematics, and the maturation of hermeneutics and phenomenology.

The Oxford Handbook Of German Philosophy In The Nineteenth Century

Author: Michael N. Forster
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199696543
File Size: 42,49 MB
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No period of history has been richer in philosophical discoveries than Germany during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. And while it was the eighteenth century that saw Germany attain maturity in the discipline (above all in the works of Immanuel Kant), it was arguably the nineteenth century that bore the greatest philosophical fruits. he Oxford Handbook of German Philosophy in the Nineteenth Century is the first collective critical study of thisgreat period in intellectual history. A team of leading experts explore individual philosophers working in the period, including Fichte, Hegel, Kierkegaard, and Nietzsche; key philosophical movements associatedwith it, Idealism and Romanticism amongst them; different areas of philosophy that received particular attention at this time; and the central philosophical topics under debate. An essential resource for anyone working in the area, the Handbook will lead the direction of future research in this vital period of philosophy.

Uncertain Chances

Author: Maurice S. Lee
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199985812
File Size: 52,91 MB
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Maurice Lee's study illustrates how writers such as Poe, Melville, Douglass, Thoreau, Dickinson, and others participated in a broad intellectual and cultural shift in which Americans increasingly learned to live with the threatening and wonderful possibilities of chance.

Taken For Wonder

Author: Naghmeh Sohrabi
Publisher: OUP USA
ISBN: 0199829705
File Size: 62,16 MB
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'Taken for Wonder' focuses on 19th-century travelogues authored by Iranians in Europe and argues for a methodological shift in the way scholars interpret travel writing.